Feminism: Contemporary Literary Theory

 Feminism: Contemporary Literary Theory Essay

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A Reader's Guide to Modern Literary Theory

Fifth release

RAMAN SELDEN PETER WIDDOWSON PETER BROOKER

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A Reader's Guide to Contemporary Literary Theory

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A Reader's Guide to Modern day Literary Theory

FIFTH EDITION

Raman Selden Peter Widdowson Peter Brooker

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PEARSON EDUCATION LIMITED Edinburgh Gate Harlow CM20 2JE United Kingdom Tel: +44 (0)1279 623623 Fernkopie: +44 (0)1279 431059 Site: www.pearsoned.co.uk

Sixth edition printed in Great Britain in 2005 © Prentice Area Europe 85, 1997 © Pearson Education Limited june 2006 The legal rights of Raman Selden, Philip Widdowson and Peter Brooker to be identified as creators of this job has been true in accordance with the Copyright, Styles and Us patents Act 1988. ISBN: 978-0-582-89410-5 British Selection Cataloguing in Publication Info A CIP catalogue record for this book can be obtained from your British Library Library of Congress Cataloging in Newsletter Data Selden, Raman. A reader's guide to contemporary fictional theory / Raman Selden, Peter Widdowson, Peter Brooker. — 5th ed. s. cm. Involves bibliographical referrals and index. ISBN 0-582-89410-7 (pbk. ) 1 . Criticism—History—20th century. I. Widdowson, Philip. II. Brooker, Peter. III. Title. PN94. S45 2005 801'. 95'0904—dc22 2004063377 Almost all rights set aside; no element of this syndication may be produced, stored in a retrieval system, or sent in any kind or in any respect, electronic, mechanical, photocopying, saving, or otherwise with no either the last written agreement of the Marketers or a license permitting restricted copying in britain issued by the Copyright Licensing Agency Ltd, Saffron Residence, 6-10 Kirby Street, London EC1N 8TS. This book might not be lent, resold, hired out or otherwise disposed of by way of control in any form of binding or cover apart from that in which it really is published, with no prior consent of the Writers. 10 on the lookout for 8 several 09 08 07 6th 5 four

Set in 9/13. 5pt Stone Serif by simply 35 Imprinted and sure in Malaysia, PJB The Publishers' insurance plan is to use paper manufactured from sustainable forests.

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In memory of Raman Selden, as always.

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Contents

Preface to the Fifth Release Introduction 1 New Critique, moral formalism and N. R. Leavis Origins: Eliot, Richards, Empson 15 The American Fresh Critics 18 Moral formalism: F. L. Leavis 3

ix one particular 15

a couple of

Russian formalism and the Bakhtin School

Shklovsky, Mukar ovsky, Jakobson 35 Л‡ Вґ The Bakhtin School 39

29

a few

Reader-oriented theories

Phenomenology: Husserl, Heidegger, Gadamer 49 Hans Robert Jauss and Wolfgang Iser 40 Fish, Riffaterre, Bleich 55

45

5

Structuralist ideas

The linguistic background 63 Structuralist narratology 67 Metaphor and metonymy 72 Structuralist poetics seventy five

62

a few

Marxist ideas

Soviet Socialist Realism 84 Lukács and Brecht eighty six The The netherlands School along with: Adorno and Benjamin 91 ‘Structuralist' Marxism: Goldmann, Althusser, Macherey ninety five ‘New Left' Marxism: Williams, Eagleton, Jameson 99

82

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viii MATERIAL

6

Feminist theories

First-wave feminist criticism: Woolf and de Beauvoir 117 Second-wave feminist criticism 120 Kate Millett: sex politics 123 Marxist feminism 125 Elaine Showalter: gynocriticism 126 The french language feminism: Kristeva, Cixous, Irigaray 129

115

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Poststructuralist theories

Roland Barthes 148 Psychoanalytic theories: 153 Jacques Lacan 156 Julia Kristeva 161 Deleuze and Guattari 162 Deconstruction: Jacques Derrida 164 American deconstruction 171 Michel Foucault 178 New Historicism and Cultural Materialism 180

a hundred and forty four

8

Postmodernist theories

Blue jean Baudrillard 200 Jean-François Lyotard 203 Postmodernism and Marxism 206 Postmodern feminisms 209

197

9

Postcolonialist theories

Edward Said 220 Gayatri Chakravorty Spivak 223 Homi K. Bhabha 226 Race and racial 229

218

10

Homosexual, lesbian and queer theories

Gay theory and critique 244 Lesbian feminist theory and criticism 247 Queer...

References: and suggested reading

Armstrong, Isobel, The Major Aesthetic (Blackwell, Oxford, 2000)

278 A READER'S TIPS FOR CONTEMPORARY LITERARY THEORY

Full bloom, Harold, The Western Rule (Macmillan, Greater london, 1995)

APPENDIX 1 281

Wolfreys, Julian (ed. ), Introducing Fictional Theories: Helpful tips and Glossary (Edinburgh College or university Press, Edinburgh, 2001)

INDEX NAMES AND TITLES 285

Butler, Judith et 's: What's Still left of Theory? (2000) 267, 269–70 Butler, Marilyn 183 Byatt, A

286 INDEX OF LABELS AND HEADINGS

Dickinson, Emily 251 Dmitriev, Maxim 40 Doan, Laura: Lesbian Postmodern, The (1994) 253 Docherty, Thomas 204, 274 Doctorow, E

Analysis of Learning Theory Essay

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