fall of pan-indian identity

 decline of pan-indian personality Essay

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The Decline of Pan-Indian Personality and

the introduction of Tamil Ethnic

Separatism in Singapore, 1856–1965

John Solomon



University of New South Wales

Available online: '04 May 2012

To cite this article: Steve Solomon (2012): The Decrease of Pan-Indian Identity plus the Development of Tamil Cultural Separatism in Singapore, 1856–1965, Southern region Asia: Record of South Asian Studies, 35: a couple of, 257-281

To link to this post: http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00856401.2012.667365


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South Asia: Journal of South Oriental Studies,

and. s., Vol. XXXV, no . 2, Exceptional Online Dietary supplement, April 2012

The Fall of Pan-Indian Identity as well as the

Development of Tamil Cultural Separatism in

Singapore, 1856–1965

Downloaded by [UNSW Library] at 15: fifty four 06 May 2012

John Solomon

University of New To the south Wales


This paper explores the rise and fall of pan-Indianism since the major identity story amongst the Of india diaspora in Singapore in the mid 20th century, as well as replacement with a normative American indian identity structured primarily upon Tamil tradition. It will analyse some of the main reasons why a Tamil cultural separatism came to dominate negotiations of ethnic id in early post-war Singapore. This will likely include an examination of colonial time ethnographic representations, the effects of demographic trends in Indian immigration to Malaya during the colonial period, transnational political linkages between Singapore and India, and the effects of the Japanese occupation on Indian id during World War II. The conventional paper will also concentrate on the growth with the Tamil change movement plus the ways in which that came to form the framing of Tamil ethnic id in Singapore.


Today, every Singaporean of a certain age group has their race documented onto a nationally granted identity greeting card. The available options for could be racial classification typically include the Chinese language, Malay, Indian and Other (CMIO) categories, that have been the cornerstone of Singapore's multicultural procedures and the getting principle through which the Singaporean government administers and manages the island state's ethnic variety. 1 From 1

For an research of the CMIO categories in Singapore and their effects around the attempted homogenisation of ‘racial' differences in Singapore, refer to B. They would. Chua, ‘Culture, Multiracialism and National Identification in Singapore', in K. S. Chen (ed. ), Trajectories: Inter-Asia Cultural Studies (London: Routledge, 1998), pp. 186–94. Since 1 January 2011, the Singapore government has introduced double-barrelled race alternatives for the registration of kids born to parents of different ‘races'. See ‘Greater Flexibility with Implementation

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